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Arab Morphology

Arab morphology is easily studied when stratified into various linguistic categories.  These are verb conjugation, derived noun and how they conjugate to make words from base letters to reflect gender, plural and tense.  Verb paradigms are also essential in being able to show how the conjugation when added some characters i.e. extra letters brings about meaning.  The other aspect is verb irregularities basically giving meaning in instances where conjugation contains weak letters. Arabic words are divided into three main categories. These are; nouns, pronouns, adjectives and adverbs forming the first category, the second category is comprised of verbs while particles, articles and conjunctions form the third. Particles have no patterns therefore do not fall under the templatic regime, making them highly unpredictable and averse to morphophonemic adjustments.

Morphophonemic rules however are applicable to nouns and verbs as they fall within the templematic system, making it possible to study how they conjugate and their movement from patterns to augment their meanings. It’s also possible to look at how the particles are formed and pluralizing of nouns. Declinable nouns and verbs are made up of three or four base letters which can be changed due to morphophonemic rules to render new meaning or create new words from the base letters. This aspect however is not compatible with indeclinable nouns. To give meaning, connotation and depth to a word letters are added to the base letters, thus giving tangible and advanced meaning.

Words being a combination of base letters, the template enhances the meaning by providing a connotation.  Therefore the word is an instantiation of the template with addition of base letters.  Consequently all the templates belong to a group called, “nouns of utilization” and are important in providing a framework that helps in creating new words.  Words have instances when are considered weak. In that respect, morphologic rules apply to change the status. In Arab morphology fifty such instances have been identified, however a compilation that only involves ten sets that are exhaustive is widely used.  When words are classified based on weak letters, it’s important to note that the classification is parallel to that based on templates . 

In conclusion the formation of words in Arab is mainly governed by the root or base letters modified in various ways to give; meaning, depth, form, voice or tense. This character is also conspicuous in conjugation.

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